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Learning Markov networks networks with context-specific independences.

TitleLearning Markov networks networks with context-specific independences.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsEdera A, Schlüter F, Bromberg F
Journal International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools
Volume23
Issue06
Start Page1460030
Date Published12/2014
ISSNISSN: 0218-2130
KeywordsCSI models, Knowledge discovery, Markov networks; structure learning; context-specific independences
Abstract

This work focuses on learning the structure of Markov networks from data. Markov networks are parametric models for compactly representing complex probability distributions. These models are composed by: a structure and numerical weights, where the structure describes independences that hold in the distribution. Depending on which is the goal of structure learning, learning algorithms can be divided into: density estimation algorithms, where structure is learned for answering inference queries; and knowledge discovery algorithms, where structure is learned for describing independences qualitatively. The latter algorithms present an important limitation for describing independences because they use a single graph; a coarse grain structure representation which cannot
represent flexible independences. For instance, context-specific independences cannot be described by a single graph. To overcome this limitation, this work proposes a new alternative representation named canonical model as well as the CSPC algorithm; a novel knowledge discovery algorithm for learning canonical models by using context-specific independences as constraints. On an extensive empirical evaluation, CSPC learns more accurate structures than state-of-the-art density estimation and knowledge discovery algorithms. Moreover, for answering inference queries, our approach obtains competitive results against density estimation algorithms, significantly outperforming knowledge discovery algorithms.

URLhttp://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0218213014600306
DOI10.1142/S0218213014600306
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