Ensemble of shape functions and support vector machines for the estimation of discrete arm muscle activation from external biceps 3D point clouds
|Ensemble of shape functions and support vector machines for the estimation of discrete arm muscle activation from external biceps 3D point clouds
|Year of Publication
|Abraham L, Bromberg F, Forradellas R
|Computers in Biology and Medicine
|3d point clouds, biceps activation estimation, biomechanics, ensemble of shape functions, support vector machines, Tele-physiotherapy
Background: Muscle activation level is currently being captured using im- practical and expensive devices which make their use in telemedicine settings extremely difficult. To address this issue, a prototype is presented of a non- invasive, easy-to-install system for the estimation of a discrete level of muscle activation of the biceps muscle from 3D point clouds captured with RGB-D cameras.
Methods: A methodology is proposed that uses the ensemble of shape functions point cloud descriptor for the geometric characterization of 3D point clouds, together with support vector machines to learn a classifier that, based on this geometric characterization for some points of view of the biceps, provides a model for the estimation of muscle activation for all neighboring points of view. This results in a classifier that is robust to small perturba- tions in the point of view of the capturing device, greatly simplifying the installation process for end-users.
Results: In the discrimination of five levels of effort with values up to the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the biceps muscle (3800 g), the best variant of the proposed methodology achieved mean absolute errors of about 9.21 % MVC — an acceptable performance for telemedicine settings where the electric measurement of muscle activation is impractical.
Conclusions: The results prove that the correlations between the exter- nal geometry of the arm and biceps muscle activation are strong enough to consider computer vision and supervised learning an alternative with great potential for practical applications in tele-physiotherapy.